The beginning of summer is the time when quite a few diseases appear, some of the more common ones being chickenpox and viral fevers. Sunstroke hits people too; of course, it only gets worse in many places as the season draws on.
These affect a lot of people. However, there are also measures which, if followed properly, can lead to these diseases not occurring.
Don't confuse sunstroke with sunburn. Sunstroke is a form of heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion can occur as the result of over-exposure to any heat source. Sunstroke occurs when the specific heat source is the sun, and especially when the sun's heat is accompanied by high humidity.
- Muscle cramps
- Hot dry skin
- Flushed skin
- High body temperature
- Lack of sweating
- Rapid pulse
- Rapid breathing
Sunstroke, which can be very serious and life threatening, can be avoided by following a few easy steps.
- One important factor to consider whenever you are under the sun for an extended period of time is to protect your eyes from the rays of the sun by wearing sunglasses.
- If you like to exercise or walk outdoors, do it during the cooler hours in the morning or evening. Avoid the hours of 10 am to 6 pm.
Emergency measures to take for a sunstroke victim
Chickenpox (varicella) is a common illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. It is most common in children. But most people will get chickenpox at some point in their lives if they haven't had the chickenpox vaccine.
- The first symptoms of chickenpox usually develop about 14 to 16 days after contact with a person infected with the virus.
- Most people feel sick and have a fever, a decreased appetite, a headache, a cough, and a sore throat.
- The itchy chickenpox rash usually appears about one or two days after the first symptoms start.
- After a chickenpox red spot appears, it usually takes about one or two days for the spot to go through all its stages.
- This includes blistering, bursting, drying, and crusting over.
- New red spots will appear every day for up to five to seven days.
- It usually takes about 10 days after the first symptoms before all blisters have crusted over.
You must see a doctor after the rashes start appearing.
Chicken pox (varicella) virus, and how it affects the body
Viral fever, as the name suggests, is a condition that is transmitted from one person to another through direct contact with the person’s bodily fluids. This is much simpler than you think. When a person coughs, sneezes, yawns or even talks they tend to spray tiny particles of fluid that contain bacteria and viruses from their body. If you are close enough, these bacteria enter your body through your nose or mouth and infect you. Once infected it takes anywhere from 16 hours to 48 hours to turn into a full-blown infection.
Since the symptoms of viral fever often overlap other common and serious conditions, it is pertinent to know about the symptoms that can help you differentiate between a viral fever and other diseases. The red flags you need to keep an eye out for are – very high fever that is either of the following:
- Intermittent in nature (occurs at regular intervals)
- Doesn’t subside with medicines
- Has been present for a long time
- Wash your hands regularly.
- Avoid touching your face (mouth and nose) with your hands without washing them.
- If you do have cold, viral fever or cough, avoid crowded areas, and always cover your mouth with a clean hanky while coughing, sneezing or yawning.
Common cold and flu symptoms - a differentiator
Some general tips
- Drink enough water: Summer drains your water away and makes you dry. Drink as much as water as possible; it will keep you hydrated.
- Foot: In summer, the feet become sweaty quickly; so wear sandals as much as possible, especially if you have to walk around in the heat.
- Cleanse yourself: Summer is a season of skin diseases. So cleanse your body regularly to keep it free from skin diseases. It is better to bathe at least twice a day in summer.
- Fruits: Have lots of fresh fruits.
Don't forget to have lots of fresh fruits