Protect yourself from seasonal diseases

Protect yourself from seasonal diseases

April 17, 2014

The beginning of summer is the time when quite a few diseases appear, some of the more common ones being chickenpox and viral fevers. Sunstroke hits people too; of course, it only gets worse in many places as the season draws on.

These affect a lot of people. However, there are also measures which, if followed properly, can lead to these diseases not occurring.

Sunstroke

Don't confuse sunstroke with sunburn. Sunstroke is a form of heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion can occur as the result of over-exposure to any heat source. Sunstroke occurs when the specific heat source is the sun, and especially when the sun's heat is accompanied by high humidity.

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Muscle cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Hot dry skin
  • Flushed skin
  • High body temperature
  • Lack of sweating
  • Rapid pulse
  • Rapid breathing
  • Disorientation


Sunstroke, which can be very serious and life threatening, can be avoided by following a few easy steps.

  • One important factor to consider whenever you are under the sun for an extended period of time is to protect your eyes from the rays of the sun by wearing sunglasses.
  • If you like to exercise or walk outdoors, do it during the cooler hours in the morning or evening. Avoid the hours of 10 am to 6 pm.
  • Take lots of water.


Emergency measures to take for a sunstroke victim


Chickenpox

Chickenpox (varicella) is a common illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. It is most common in children. But most people will get chickenpox at some point in their lives if they haven't had the chickenpox vaccine.

Symptoms

  • The first symptoms of chickenpox usually develop about 14 to 16 days after contact with a person infected with the virus.
  • Most people feel sick and have a fever, a decreased appetite, a headache, a cough, and a sore throat.
  • The itchy chickenpox rash usually appears about one or two days after the first symptoms start.
  • After a chickenpox red spot appears, it usually takes about one or two days for the spot to go through all its stages.
  • This includes blistering, bursting, drying, and crusting over.
  • New red spots will appear every day for up to five to seven days.
  • It usually takes about 10 days after the first symptoms before all blisters have crusted over.


Treatment

You must see a doctor after the rashes start appearing.

Chicken pox (varicella) virus, and how it affects the body



Viral fever

Viral fever, as the name suggests, is a condition that is transmitted from one person to another through direct contact with the person’s bodily fluids. This is much simpler than you think. When a person coughs, sneezes, yawns or even talks they tend to spray tiny particles of fluid that contain bacteria and viruses from their body. If you are close enough, these bacteria enter your body through your nose or mouth and infect you. Once infected it takes anywhere from 16 hours to 48 hours to turn into a full-blown infection.

Symptoms

Since the symptoms of viral fever often overlap other common and serious conditions, it is pertinent to know about the symptoms that can help you differentiate between a viral fever and other diseases. The red flags you need to keep an eye out for are – very high fever that is either of the following:

  • Intermittent in nature (occurs at regular intervals)
  • Occurs along with chills
  • Doesn’t subside with medicines
  • Has been present for a long time


Preventive tips

  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Avoid crowded places.
  • Avoid touching your face (mouth and nose) with your hands without washing them.
  • If you do have cold, viral fever or cough, avoid crowded areas, and always cover your mouth with a clean hanky while coughing, sneezing or yawning.


Common cold and flu symptoms - a differentiator



Some general tips

  • Drink enough water: Summer drains your water away and makes you dry. Drink as much as water as possible; it will keep you hydrated.
  • Foot: In summer, the feet become sweaty quickly; so wear sandals as much as possible, especially if you have to walk around in the heat.
  • Cleanse yourself: Summer is a season of skin diseases. So cleanse your body regularly to keep it free from skin diseases. It is better to bathe at least twice a day in summer.
  • Fruits: Have lots of fresh fruits.


Don't forget to have lots of fresh fruits



< Back to List

 
Comments (1)
 
Anindita Reply
April 18, 2014
Nice write-up.
 
Post a Comment Comments Moderation Policy
 
Name:    Email:
 
Comment:
 
 
 
Security Code:
(Please enter the security code shown above)
 

Comments and Moderation Policy

MaaMatiManush.tv encourages open discussion and debate, but please adhere to the rules below, before posting. Comments or Replies that are found to be in violation of any one or more of the guidelines will be automatically deleted.

  • Personal attacks/name calling will not be tolerated. This applies to comments or replies directed at the author, other commenters or repliers and other politicians/public figures. Please do not post comments or replies that target a specific community, caste, nationality or religion.

  • While you do not have to use your real name, any commenters using any MaaMatiManush.tv writer's name will be deleted, and the commenter banned from participating in any future discussions.

  • Comments and replies will be moderated for abusive and offensive language.

×

© 2017 Maa Mati Manush About Us  |  Contact   |   Disclaimer   |   Privacy Policy   |   Site Map