Indian Constitution and Nandalal Bose

Indian Constitution and Nandalal Bose

December 3, 2014

Very few Indians probably know that the original Constitution of India that we adopted on January 26, 1950 was not a printed one, but a hand written one. Very few people also know that this exquisite original hand written edition was illustrated by the artists of Kala Bhavan in Shantinikentan – Acharya Nandalal Bose and his students. Probably even less people have seen images of this ambitious and exquisite work of calligraphy and art, which now is preserved in a special helium-filled case in the Library of the Parliament of India.

Santiniketan connect

The original hand written and hand painted Constitution of India took around five years to produce and has the signatures of the framers of the constitution – members of the constituent assembly.

Illustrations in the Indian Constitution

Exquisitely designed executed, the fine calligraphy in the book was done by Prem Behari Narain Raizda and the illustrations and artwork were done by Nandalal Bose and his students of Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan.

Illustrations in the Indian Constitution

Iconic illustrations

At the beginning of each part of the Constitution, Nandalal Bose has depicted a phase or scene from our national experience and history. The art work and illustrations (twenty two in all) rendered largely in the miniature style, represent vignettes from the different periods of history of the Indian subcontinent ranging from the prehistoric Mohenjodaro in the Indus Valley, the Vedic Period, the Gupta and Mauriya Period and the Mughal Period to the national freedom movement. By doing so, Nandalal Bose has taken us through a veritable pictorial journey across four thousand years of rich history, tradition and culture.

Illustrations in the Indian Constitution

Image Source: Google

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